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Shiryar

index

1. Halayen Bayyanan Laser
2. Gina Manyan Laser
3. Launukan Labarun Laser
4. Ikon Laser Alamun
5. Raba Alamar Laser
6. Umarni da kuma Lissafin Lantarki na Laser
7. Yadda ake fassara fassarar alamar kada a yaudaru
8. Rashin Amfani da Manyan Laser
9. Amintaccen Amfani da Alamomin Laser
10. Mabuɗin amfani da Manyan Laser
10.1. Gabatarwa
10.2. Asma'u
10.3. Gwaji
10.4. Hotunan Dare
10.5. Airsoft
10.6. Farauta
10.7. Magana
10.8. Biki da Nunin

1. Alamomin Bayyan Laser - Koma zuwa Fayil

Tarin Laser Pointers tarin TorLaser

Laser (Amplification na Haske ta Hanyar Haskakawa ta Radiation, ko kuma fadada haske ta hanyar motsawar iska), na'ura ce da ke amfani da tasirin injina (wanda aka jawo shi ko ya motsa su), don samar da hasken wutar lantarki mai hade da hanyar dacewa da girman , tsari da tsarkakakken iko. Lallai, haske ne mai haske, amma na musamman ne kamar irin hasken da yafi karfinmu, wanda na'urori masu amfani da laser a bangarorin sa da yawa, suna kara kasancewa a rayuwarmu ta yau da kullun tsawon shekaru yanzu da kuma canji a juyin halitta. Zasu iya zama mai sauƙin nuna alama akan taswira, ido na karanta DVD, ko kasancewa mahimmanci mahimmanci a cikin fasahar da ake amfani da ita ga da'irar kimiyya da yawa, daga likitanci zuwa injiniya, iska, tsaro, da sauransu ..

Poan laser ƙaramin na'urar ne tare da girmansa kama daga alƙalmi-kamar (ko da ma ƙaramin nau'in Key), zuwa walƙiyar wuta mai matsakaici wanda yake haifar da hasken wuta, yawanci kore ne ko ja wanda kuma galibi ana amfani dashi don nuna takamaiman maki ko sanya a matsayin rana nuna kawai haske lokacin da buge wani opaque farfajiya. Laser Laser mai tsananin zafi ne, saboda haka shima alamun yana. Dukda cewa su 'yan milliwatts ne na iko, sunada damar samar da babban katako mai girman milimita a diamita. A zahiri, tsananin su na iya zama daidai da na hasken rana. Duk wani fitila na yau da kullun yakan fitar da babban adadin hasken laser na ɗan ƙaramin amma ya watsu ko'ina.

Bishiyoyin Laser kunkuntar kuma basa watsawa kamar yadda wutar fitila take. Ana kiran wannan ingancin jagora kuma wanda ke ba da damar amfani da shi azaman abubuwan gabatarwa. An san cewa ko da wutar fitila ba ta isa mai ƙarfin tafiya ba: idan ka mai da hankali sama, ginin sa kamar zai shuɗe. Fitilar ta fara yaduwa a lokacin da aka mayar da hankali, don samun irin wannan matakin watsawa ya zo ya rasa amfanin sa. Koyaya, sun sami damar yin amfani da hasken wuta na laser na wasu 'yan watts na karfi akan wata kuma hasken sa har yanzu yana haskaka gani daga Duniya. Shotaya daga cikin bishiyoyin laser na farko da aka harba zuwa duniyar wata a 1962 kawai ya kai kilomita huɗu da aka shimfiɗa akan shimfidar sa wanda ya kasance nisan nisan mil ɗari uku da tamanin.

Hasken Laser

Lasers suna samar da hasken monochromatic, wato, launi ɗaya. Haske na yau da kullun ya ƙunshi dukkan launuka na hasken da ake iya gani (bakan), waɗanda aka haɗasu gabaɗaya, sun zama fari. An samar da katako na laser a cikin dukkan launuka na bakan gizo (dukda cewa mafi yawan su masu launin ja ne da kore), haka kuma a yawancin nau'ikan haske marasa ganuwa; amma takamaiman laser na iya samar da launuka ɗaya kawai. Wasu lasers suna iya fitar da jinkiri iri-iri sau daya a lokaci daya, amma ba ci gaba da bakan da zata kunshi dukkan launuka na hasken da ake iya gani kamar yadda hasken wutar lantarki zai iya yi ba. Kari akan haka, akwai laure da yawa da suke aiwatar da hasken mara ganuwa, kamar su infrared da ultraviolet.
Amma ga mafi yawan amfani da alamomin laser sune: nishaɗi, ilimin taurari, daukar hoto, sanya hannu, gwaje-gwaje, gabatarwa, karatu, kallon kallo, acupuncture, kunne, dutse, farauta, iska ...

2. Gina Manyan Laser - Koma zuwa Fayil

Alamar ja ta gargajiya a cikin saukinta mafi sauƙi, rakodin laser wanda ke fitar da haske mai launin ja wanda gwargwadon motsi a cikin kayan nano, na iya kasancewa daga launin ja-ja (635nm) zuwa duhu mai duhu (690nm). Daga 700nm ja duhu duhu sosai har idanun mu ba za su iya ganinta ba kuma wannan shine lokacin da ya zama silar lalacewa. Wannan ba abin ganuwa bane a gare mu amma mafi haɗarin walƙiya, saboda ba za mu iya gani ba. Kafin wannan diode ruwan tabarau da aka maida hankali a kai ya haifar da katako mai bakin ciki wanda aka sanya laser.

Gina wuraren nuna laser

Abubuwan nuna alamar laser na kore a cikin wata hanya ta daban: kamar yadda diode kore ba shi da cikakkiyar ci gaba, ana amfani da hanyar kai tsaye don cimma launi da ake so, wanda ake kira DPSS (Diode Pumped State Solid) ko diode pumped solid state.

Wani abu mai launin kore yana ɗaukar hasken wutar lantarki na laser diode marar ganuwa (a 808nm) da babban iko wanda ke mayar da hankali kan lu'ulu'u mai doped wanda ke canza laser launi. Sakamakon wannan tsari shine laser na kore a 532nm. Matsalar ita ce cewa ba duk wutar lantarki ta hanyar lantarki ba ta zama kore, amma kashi 20% kawai kuma ragowar ya canza zuwa zafi kuma wani ɓangaren hasken infrared ya bar gilashin tare da kore, don haka tsarin injin ɗin infrared (IR).

Yadda suke Aiki Aikin Laser GreenCikakken daki-daki na ciki na fitilar laser kore na 200mW tare da tace IR. Ana ganinta azaman laser na infrared wanda aka fitar dashi daga ciki, ya zama kore a mafita, yana wucewa da lu'ulu'u mai haske. Tace IR a saman.

An tace Green Laser PointerTa hanyar ruwan tabarau na IR mafi girma, zaku iya ganin ƙaramin gilashin kore da ke shimfiɗa katako kuma ya sa ya zama hasken haske zuwa 532nm.

Don samun Laser mai ƙarfi na fure mai ƙarfi ana buƙatar derde laser diode kamar yadda tasirin gilashin yayi kadan, ban da kore kuma yana da ragowar infrared ɗin ba ya son mu.

Da mafi sharri gilashin, amma mu a cikin infrared fitarwa. Wannan shine dalilin da ya sa gajeren nesa, hasken wutar lantarki na Laser mai haske na 20mW na fure yana dacewa saboda yana da 100mw infrared. Kamar yadda akwai ruwan tabarau don collimating kore katako, haske infrared bar mafi bude (rarrabuwar) saboda haka kawai ƙonewa kusa da bude. Ana fada da ainihin ikon a cikin kore (532nm).

Matsalar tare da lasers na ƙarancin inganci, basu da tayin IR kuma a sakamakon haka, fitowar haske a cikin waɗannan alamun ba ta cika IR ba.
Matsalolin da hasken wutar lantarki ke haɗe da ainihin launuka sune:

1. Maɗaukaki ikon arya. Idan ka sayi laser 200mW 532nm (kore) da 150mW na waɗancan 200 sune hasken infrared (808nm), to hakika za kawai wutar Laser kamar tsarkakakke 50mW 532nm.

2. Saboda IR ba a ganuwa ba, duk wani katako mai ban mamaki na iya lalata idanunku kuma baku iya ganin hanyar hasken katako ba, wanda hakan ke haifar dasu da haɗari matuƙa. Bugu da ƙari ko da yake amfani da goggles ga idanu, goggles kawai yana kare rayayyen motsi na Laser, ko dai 532nm idan ya kasance kore, ko 650nm a cikin ja misali, don kada hasken ganuwa mara ƙarancin cuta ya faru ba tare da matsala ba ta hanyar tabarau ba tare da matsala ba. .

3. Launuka Labarun Laser - Koma zuwa Fayil

'Tsirara' yanki ne na tsawon yayi daidai da biliyan biliyan daya.
Ana amfani dashi don auna gwargwadon huhun ultraviolet radiation, radiation infrared da light. Alamar nm nm.

Alamar Laser a bayyane saboda aikinta koyaushe yana gudana a cikin kewayon bayyane mafi yawan katako, kodayake ya dogara da ingancin laser wannan ɓangaren zai ƙara ko .asa.
An yanke launin launi na Laser ta hanyar raƙumin haske da aka nuna ta hanyar mashin laser diode.

Matsayi na tsawon lokaci rakodin laser

Wavelength na Laser pointers

• 405nm: ruwan kwaro mai launin ja kusa da wanda ake iya gani ga idon mutum.
• 445nm: Juwala, wacce ake iya gani musamman tazara mai kusa.
• 532nm: kore, mai tsananin haske, mai haske da kyan gani
• 650nm: Ja launi, mai wahalar gani fiye da waɗansu.
• 880nm: Infrared Launi (IR), wanda ba'a iya gani ga idon ɗan adam.

Alamar Laser da aka sayar cikin launuka daban-daban: ja da kore, sune suka fi yawa, amma ana samun su cikin shuɗi, ko ruwan lemo / lemo.

4. Ikon Laser Alamun - Koma zuwa Fayil

Ikon fitarwa yana daga 1 mW (milliwatt) zuwa 2 watts.

A cikin hasken rana, idanun mutum ba zai iya gano hasken wutar lantarki ba wanda yake ficewa daga layin Laser. Wannan katako yawanci 1 milimita a diamita idan yana iya gani sarai da daddare kuma a bayyane zai zama sanannen abin da yake fitarwa, har ya kai ga katako don samun nisan mil 10. Wani muhimmin abu da za'a lura dashi shine cewa idanun mutum sunfi kulawa da karancin girma a zangon kore (tare da nisan zango na 520-570 nm). Abun hankali yana raguwa tare da raƙuman ruwa na fari daga ja zuwa shuɗi. Don haka idan muka kwatanta alamun laser na ikon guda, koyaushe zai zama mafi bayyane kore fiye da sauran katako mai launi guda biyu.


Don haka tambaya ta farko da za a yi tambaya lokacin da muke yanke hukuncin launi, shine me yasa zamu yi amfani da shi?

-Daga lokacin gabatarwa ko taro, zai kasance tare da alamar fitila tare da abubuwan fitarwa na 50 zuwa 100mW (milliwatts) ko kore 20 zuwa 50mW zai zama wadatacce, banda kasancewa mafi tattalin arziƙi.

Idan kuna buƙatar amfani da saiti tsakanin gabatarwa ko taro da kuma nuna lokaci-lokaci nuna taurari a sararin sama ko abubuwa masu nisa ko amfani da su don daukar hoto na dare yafi dacewa da lasin kore tare da karfin 20 ko 50mW (milliwatts).

-Daga takamaiman amfani da ilmin taurari ko hangen nesa a cikin dare ko taimaka mahimmin cizo, dole ne mu zaɓi laser kore tare da ƙarin iko, misali 100 ko 200mW. A maraice, ya danganta da yanayin yanayi, katako zai sami tsawon nisan sama da kilomita 5.

-Idan muna son yin gwaji tare da konewar abubuwa, kore ba karamar alama bace ga mai amfani dashi kuma dole ne mu zabi ja ko violet daya daga 300 zuwa 500mW ko shuɗi 1 ko 2 W.

Wannan lamari ne mai mahimmanci a jagorancin, saboda dogaro da launi da aka zaɓa, za mu buƙaci ƙarin ko lessasa da iko, gwargwadon amfanin da muke son ba ku.

Milliwatt, wanda aka yankewa Turanci (mW), wani yanki ne wanda yake wakiltar sashen wutan lantarki na kasa da kasa, wanda akafi sani da Watt ko Watt kuma alamarsa W.

Isarfin fitarwa na kayan lantarki yana bayyana ne a cikin watts, ko ƙasa da ƙarfi kamar yadda yawancin abubuwan nuna laser, sunyi amfani da ƙaƙƙarfan ikon mil ɗin na billar ɗaya daidai da dubu ɗaya na watt.

Wato, ƙarfin lantarki 200mW na laser daidai yake da 0.2W. Kada ku rikita mW (milliwatts) tare da MW (megawatts).

Redaƙƙarfan wuta mai nauyin 300-500mw yana da girma don abubuwa masu ƙonewa da katako, ana iya ganin ɗaruruwan mita. Yawancin lokaci suna bada izinin ci gaba da amfani da wasu mintuna kaɗan bayan minti 15.

Koyaya, ainihin 50mW kore mai haske yana haske fiye da alamar ja 200mW, katako yana da kyau kuma yana ci gaba.200mW kore ɗaya yana daidai da tsananin zuwa shuɗi 1W. Don jagorar karfin tarho na 200mW ko mafi girma ana bada shawara, da kai ga katako mai tsawon fiye da 7 km.

Manyan alamu masu launin shuɗi yawanci 1W ko 2W iko, wanda zai iya ƙone kusan dukkanin abubuwa kuma katako ya kai nisan mil 5.

Powersaƙƙarfan ikon da ke ƙarƙashin 500mW na iya ƙone sauƙi da abubuwan baƙi na filastik; da ikon 1W ko 2W zasu iya ƙone kusan komai kuma 3W na iya kaiwa ga wuta akan wasu abubuwa kamar kwali.

Violet sama da 100mW kuma zai iya ƙona abubuwa idan ya mayar da hankali daidai da tsari kuma ya kasance a ɗan ɗan gajeren zango, watau 5 zuwa 20 cm. kuma idan muka nuna wani abu zamu iya yin phosphorescent muyi haske sosai.

5. Raba Alamun Laser - Koma zuwa Fayil

Kayayyakin Laser, yin la'akari da zazzagewar iska, abun da ke cikin kuzari da kuma sifofin laser, ana rarrabasu cikin wadannan azuzuwan:

-Class 1: samfuran laser suna da haɗari a cikin duk yanayin halayen da ake iya amfani da su, inda hasken wutar lantarki mai amfani da hasken wutar lantarki (wutar lantarki mai sauƙin gani) koyaushe yana ƙasa ko daidai yake da ƙimar isasshen damar fitowa. Sabili da haka, don Laser Class 1, ƙarfin fitarwa yana ƙasa da matakin wanda aka yarda da lalacewar ido ya faru. Bayyanar da katako na Laser Class 1 ba zai haifar da raunin ido ba. Laser aji 1 saboda haka za a iya yin la’akari da lafiya. Koyaya, samfuran laser Class 1 na iya ƙunsar tsarin laser na babban aji, amma suna da isasshen matakan kulawa don tabbatar da cewa samun damar shigo da katako ba lallai bane yayin amfani da tsarin na yau da kullun. Misalan irin waɗannan samfuran sun haɗa da firintocin laser da ƙananan 'yan wasan diski (CD, DVD, Blu Ray, da sauransu)
Class 1M Laser aji 1M sune samfura waɗanda ke haifar da katako mai tsayi sosai ko babban ma'aunin diamita. Saboda haka, kawai karamin sashi na katako na laser kawai zai iya shiga ido. Koyaya, waɗannan samfuran laser na iya zama cutarwa ga ido idan an kalli katako tare da haɓakar gani sosai. Wasu daga cikin lasers da ake amfani dasu don tsarin sadarwa na kayan fiber laser sune Class 1 M.

-Class 2: sune samfurori waɗanda ke haifar da hasken laser na bayyane a cikin kewayon raƙuman ruwa tsakanin 400 da 700nm (nanometer). Ana samun kariya ta ido ta al'ada ta hanyar tura ido, gami da ƙyalli (ƙwanƙwaran ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwallon idanu), duk da haka, yakamata ya kiyaye don kauce wa kallon gaba kai tsaye. Tsarin 2 lasers yana iyakance ga matsakaicin ƙarfin fitarwa na 1mW ko dubun na watt (raguwar MW). Mutumin da ya karɓi fallasa a idanun Laser na aji na 2, ko dai da gangan ko kuma sakamakon wani aiki da gangan (yin amfani da shi) za a kiyaye shi daga rauni ta hanyar maida martani na ainihi na zahiri. Yanayi ne na dabi'a wanda yake haifar da son rai ga mutane su guji walƙiya da kai, don haka gajeriyar bayyanar idanun. Maimaitawa ko da gangan bayyanar begen bera ba zai iya tabbata ba. Wasu alamomin laser da sikandire masu sauyawa sune samfuran laser Class 2.

-Class 2M: 2M lasers aji sune samfuran samfuran samfuran samfuran samfuri waɗanda ke haifar da katako mai tsayi sosai ko ma'aunin babban diamita a cikin kewayon raƙuman 400 zuwa 700nm. Saboda haka, kawai karamin sashi na dukkan katako na laser zai iya shiga ido kuma an iyakance shi ga 1 mW, mai kama da samfurin Laser na 2 Koyaya, waɗannan samfuran zasu iya zama cutarwa ga ido idan an hango batun yana inganta kayan aikin gani ko tsawon lokaci. Wasu lasers da aka yi amfani da su don aikace-aikacen jama'a, kamar kayan aiki da injiniya na matakin jagoranci suna samar da lacers Class 2 M

-Class 3A: samfuran Laser waɗanda ba shi da haɗari don kallo tare da ido tsirara. Na'urori ne na aji mai ƙarfi 1 da aji 2 kuma suna da iyakar fitarwa na 5mW. .Da iska mai laser a cikin kewayon kala tsakanin zafi tsakanin 400nm zuwa 700nm, ana samun kariya ta ido ta hanyar mayar da martani a idanun sa, gami da alakar haske. Don sauran raƙuman ruwa, haɗarin zuwa ga tsirara ido ba shi da girma fiye da samfuran laser Class 1 na samfuran kai tsaye a cikin katako na kayan Laser 3A samfuran amfani da kayan kida (misali binoculars binocular, telescopes, microscopes) na iya zama haɗari. A cikin Ingila, an tsara aji 3A kamar 3R.

-Class 3: (cikin lambobin Rome) a ma'aunin Amurka, ba shi da ka'idojin tashin hankali na aji 3A wanda aka ayyana shi a baya a Burtaniya. Sabili da haka, na'urar nuna laser Class IIIA wanda ya cancanci ɗan Amurka zai zama na'urar 3B lokacin da aka rarraba shi bisa ga Standarda'idodin Burtaniya. Amfani da lambobi na Rome dole ne ya nuna cewa an tsara samfurin bisa ga ƙimar Amurka. A aikace, misalai suna faruwa lokacin da aka sauya alamar 3A wanda bai dace ba don rufe IIIA. Duk samfuran Amurkawa sune Class 3R laser IIIA karkashin Standardarfin Burtaniya.

-Class 3B: samfuran Laser waɗanda kallon kallo kai tsaye a cikin katako koyaushe haɗari ne. Wahala game da rarrabuwar tunani ba shi da wata matsala. Class 3B lasers suna da babban fitarwa na 5mW da 500mW matsakaici (rabin watt). Class 3B lasers suna da isasshen iko don haifar da rauni ga ido, kallon kai tsaye na girman da tunani. Higherarfin ƙarfin fitarwa na na'urar, mafi girman haɗarin rauni. Saboda haka, aji 3B lasers ana ɗauka mai haɗari ga ido. Ko yaya dai, girmansa da tsananin cutarwar kowane irin rauni daga haɗuwa da hasken wuta na Laser na aji 3B ya dogara da abubuwa da yawa da suka hada da ƙarfin haske yana shiga ido da tsawon lokacin fiddawa.Misalan Class 3b sun haɗa da maganin tiyata da aka yi amfani da daɗaɗa da lasers bincike da yawa.

-Class 4: Kayayyakin Laser suna da ikon samar da juzu'i masu haɗari masu haɗari, hangen nesa kai tsaye koyaushe haɗari ne. Zasu cutar da fata kuma suna iya haifar da haɗarin wuta. Amfani da su yana buƙatar matsanancin hankali. Matakan aji 4 suna da ƙarfin fitarwa wanda ya zarce 500 mW (rabin watt) fitarwa. Babu hani na sama akan iko. Matakan aji 4 suna da ikon haifar da lahani ga idanu da fata kuma suna gabatar da haɗarin wuta idan an yi amfani da fitowar wuta sosai. Za a yi amfani da ƙananan layi don nuni na Laser da yawa, aikin tiyata da yankan ƙarfe galibi samfuran Class 4.

Cibiyar Kasuwanci ta Kasa tayi kashedin
Amfani da tsarin laser Class 3A, 3B da 4 na iya wakiltar haɗari ba kawai ga mai amfani ba amma ga wasu waɗanda ke nesa a nesa.
Sakamakon wannan haɗari, kawai waɗanda aka horar dasu zuwa matakin da ya dace ya kamata a basu damar sarrafa iko akan waɗannan tsarin.

6. Dokoki da Rakakkun Alamun Laser - Koma zuwa Fayil

Matsayi da Alamomin Laser

Alamu na Cibiyar Nazari ta Kasa:

Alamar Laser dukansu dole ne suyi da ingantaccen, bayyane wanda za'a iya gani da alama.
Dole ne a sanya alamar a cikin alamar takaddar alamar alama kuma alama ce ta hatsari a kan shimfidar launin rawaya, sai dai samfuran Class 1 inda wannan haɗin launi Ba lallai ba ne.

Idan girman ko ƙirar samfurin sun sanya alama mara alama, za a shigar da lakabin a cikin bayanan mai amfani a cikin kunshin.

Ya danganta da nau'in tambarin samfurin laser na musamman zai zama kamar haka:

-Class 1: Kayan aji 1 akan tambarin ko a wurin, suna samar da sanarwa kamar haka: CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT

-Class 2: Abubuwa na 2 dole ne su ɗauki alamar gargaɗi tare da alamar haɗarin radadin Laser. Hakanan dauki lakabin bayani tare da bayanan masu zuwa:
· Legend: RANAR LASI ko LASHIN LASI KADA KA YI HAKA A CIKIN KASAR Laser aji 2
The Matsakaicin ƙarfin fitilar Laser mai fitarwa
Duration Lokacin bugun jini (a inda ya dace)
Tsawon tsinkaya ya fita
The Sunan da ranar buga doka wanda aka rarrabe samfuri (wanda zai iya fitowa akan kunshin ko takardar ganye) bisa tushen
Waɗannan bayanan dole ne su kasance tare da kalmar CAUTION.

-Class 3A: Bayanin da aka fasalta na aji na 2 idan wadannan kayayyaki suna da bangarorin shiga da / ko tsarin makullin tsaro, bugu da kari, dauke da wadannan bayanan
Dole ya sanya alama mai alama tare da masu zuwa: TASBATAR / LASER RADIATION WANNAN MAI NUFIN BA A CIKIN KYAUTA KO KYAUTA DA KYAUTATA KYAUTA.
Gumakan tare da makullan amincin su ma dole ne su kasance suna da alama a kan kowane kulle na tsaro wanda ake iya gani kafin da lokacin lalacewar makullin kuma dole ne a kasance kusa da buɗewar lokacin da aka cire murfin kariya tare da rubutu mai zuwa:
Hankali / RAYUWA MAI KYAUTA SA'AD DA AKE KYAUTA KUMA SA'ADAN YI TAKAITACHIN KARFIN CIKIN MULKIN KYAUTA BA KYAUTA KYAUTA KYAUTA KO KYAUTA DA MAGANAR IYA.

-Class 3B: Bayan an fasalta shi ga aji na 2 da 3A, tatsuniyar alamomin da ke jikin tambarin dole ne ya fada ko kuma LASAR LASAR LADAN KASAR KYAUTA KYAUTA KYAUTA KYAUTA KYAUTA KYAUTA 3 LABARIN BABERTURA DANGEROUS CIKIN SAUKI / BUDE WANNAN LAFIYA
A cikin bangarorin samun damar saita alama tare da masu zuwa: HANKALI / LASER RADIATION SA'AD DA BUDE WANNAN TATTAUNAWA ZAI BAMBANTA A tsakanin bangarorin da ke kulle lamunin tsaro suna dauke da bayyanannen abu kafin cirewar da kuma toshe lokacin kuma ba da jimawa ba za'a kasance a bakin bude ta hanyar cire murfin kariya tare da masu zuwa: HANKALI / MISALIN RANAR SA'AD BUDE DA SA'ADAN WANNAN RANAR KYAUTA SA'ADAN CIKIN SAUKE ZAMAN LAFIYA

-Class 4: Matakan aji 4 dole ne suyi lakabin gargadi tare da alamar hadarin radadin Laser kuma suna dauke da alamar bayanin tare da bayanan masu zuwa:
The Theararren haske ko watsa haske game da haske na IYA KO KYAUTATAWA don haskaka fitan wuta ko yasha bambancewa KYAUTA YANZU LAFIYA HATTARA 4.
The Yawan wutar lantarki na Laser yana fitowa
Duration Lokacin bugun jini (a inda ya dace)
Ruwan iska mai saurin tashi
· Sunan da kwanan wata ɗaba'ar wanda aka kafa tushen aikin
Hakanan kowane samfurin laser dole ne ya kawo alamar da aka makala kusa da buɗe ta hanyar da za'a kunna radadin laser mai zuwa almara: HUKUNCIN SAUKAR LASIR FASAHA / BUDI CIKIN WANNAN LITTAFIN RANAR LAHIRA
A cikin bangarorin samun damar za su sanya lakabi tare da masu zuwa: HUKUNCIN CIKIN SAUKI / LASER RADIATION BY BUKAN WANNAN YAN UWANSA KO KYAUTATAWA don haskaka fitan wuta ko ya watsa ruwan wuta
Bangarorin da ke tare da makullin tsaro suna dauke da alama wanda ake iya gani kafin hanawar shiga ta kuma iri daya kuma za'a same ta kusa da budewar da aka sanya ta cire murfin kariya tare da wadannan: HUKUNCIN / LASAR RADIATION WANNAN ZAI SAUKI KAMAR YADDA AKE CIKIN SAUKI CIKIN SAUKI CIKIN SAUKI NA EYES KO KYAUTATAWA don haskaka fitarwa ko yaxasu BEAM NE DANGEROUS

Sauran bayanan bukatun:

A kowane hali, masana'antun abubuwan alatu na laser yakamata su samar da bayanan mai zuwa ga mai amfani akan kayan samfurin kuma idan saboda dalilai na sarari yana da wahala, a cikin takaddun ganye tare da samfurin a cikin akwati:
a. Ya dace da daidai shigarwa, kiyayewa da amintaccen aiki na umarnin samfurin laser, gami da gargadi bayyanannun game da taka tsantsan don hana yiwuwar bayyanar fitilar laser mai haɗari.
b. Alamar da ta dace game da rarrabuwar ƙwayar bugun zuciya da matsakaicin ƙarfin watsa wutar.
c. Ctionsarancin haɓakawa (launi zaɓi ne) na duka tasirin da gargaɗin da dole ne a haɗe da samfurin laser ko samar da samfurin laser. da takamaiman matsayin kowane tambari akan samfurin dole ne a nuna, ko kuma idan ba a sanya shi dalla-dalla a kansa ba, alamar cewa ba za a iya tsayar da ire-iren waɗannan tasirin ba akan samfurin amma ana kawo su daidai da wannan, kuma ana tantance irin tsari da yadda suke aka kawota.
d. Bayyananniya alama a cikin aikin gano duk ramuka na Laser.
e. Anididdigar na'urorin sarrafawa, saiti da tsarin aiki da tsare tsaren aiki, gami da gargadi "Gargadi - Amfani da na’urorin sa ido ko daidaitawa ko sigogin aiwatarwa ban da waɗancan da aka ambata anan, na iya haifar da bayyanar fitsari mai haɗari."
f. Amintaccen yanayin kariya za a bayyana a cikin dukkan kundin adireshi, kayan daki da kuma takardu na bayyana rarrabuwa.
A ƙarshe a ƙarƙashin Dokar sarauta ta 1468/88, alamar waɗannan samfuran idan an sayar ba tare da kunshin ko a cikin kunshin ba
· Bayyanar dalla dalla masana'anta ko mai siyarwa wanda aka kafa a cikin EU, tare da cikakken adireshin sa
Bat Baturi
· Samfuran Samfura
Legend wanda yayi kashedin kar ka da katako a cikin idanun kai tsaye
Duk bayanan da aka ambata ana buƙatar su haɗa da, aƙalla, a cikin Castilian, harshen Rashanci na hukuma, tare da haruffan jama'a, shahararrun, ba a iya magana da haziƙin da mai amfani yake da shi.

7. Yadda ake fassara fassarar tambarin kada a yaudare - Koma zuwa Fayil

A cikin duniyar ainihin wutar lantarki ta lantarki ta MW ana musanya su sau da yawa a cikin nametags, suna sanya adadi mafi girma don ficewa daga gasar a farashin ciniki. Bari mu bincika wani misali kuma muka dogara da duk bayanan da aka bayar a babin da suka gabata, saboda zamu iya bayyanar da alamar alama mai ban tsoro da ba ta bamu ba.

Laser Laser tare da Karya Label Power

Wannan wata ayah bayyananniya ce game da ɓarna da ɓataccen rabi. Kamar yadda zaku iya karantawa akan lakabin, yawan ikon 3000mW da aka tallata shi shine tun daga farko, bai dace da Class 3B ba kuma wanda aka gano a layin karshe na lakabin. Kamar yadda aka tattauna sosai a babi na biyar na wannan jagorar, an tsara aji 3B ga matsakaicin 500mW, Class 4 wanda yafi ƙarfinsa.

Abu na biyu da yake sa mu yi shakku, shi ne girman kai. Gabaɗaya, mafi ƙarfi ta hanyar samun babban tsarin sanyaya kuma yana ƙunshe da abubuwan gani, gwargwadon nau'in gininsu.

Ruwan iska wanda aka buga akan lakabin (532nm) yayi dace da kore. An tattauna shi a babi na biyu, an gina jigunan kore ta hanyar laser diode na hasken infrared na ganuwa (a 808nm) da babban iko, wanda ke mayar da hankali kan lu'ulu'u mai doped wanda ke canza laser launuka, amma a lokaci guda, wani ɓangare na lalata haske yana barin gilashin tare da kore, an tace matattarar injin (IR) a cikin kayan don cire ragowar lalacewar an sanya shi. Saboda haka, kusan tabbas, wannan fasalin da aka nuna a hoton, babu matattarar injiniya da ikon da aka tallata (ban da rashin daidaito) ya haɗa da ainihin ikon zuwa hasken da ake iya gani, kamar ƙarfin ɓarkewar wutar lantarki, wannan yana da matukar illa ga ido.

Kari akan haka, akwai wani abu wanda mutane dayawa basa lura dashi shine cewa madaukakan iko yawanci koyaushe karyane. Misali bazaka taba zama ainihin layin laser kore ba, ja ko girma sama da 500mW violet da shudi zuwa 2000mW.

Kasancewa da wahala yin lissafi ko auna ainihin fitowar kayan aiki na laser don mabukaci na yau da kullun, yana da matukar muhimmanci a ga shafukan musamman waɗanda ke ba da tabbacin cewa ƙarfin da aka bayar na gaske ne. Hakanan yana da sauƙi don rarrabe na ainihi daga mW na karya ne, yana tabbatar da ƙarfin ƙonewa da kewayon laser ta hanyar kwatanta sakamako tare da teburin da aka shirya ta hanyar rukunin shafuka na musamman (sakamako na sakamako-sakamako).

8. Rashin Amfani da Manyan Laser - Koma zuwa Fayil

Sanannen abu ne cewa miliyoyin mutane a duk duniya suna yin amfani da waɗannan na'urori, saboda suna da amfani da yawa: ba kawai ana amfani da su nuna allon akan lokacin da muke gabatar da lacca ba ko kuma gabatar da gabatarwa, har ila yau ana amfani da su wajen ilmin taurari. koyar da taurari da jikin sama, a cikin daukar hoto na dare a matsayin taimako don mayar da hankali da ruwan tabarau na kyamara, hawa zuwa sigina idan akwai bukatar a kubuta, a cikin hasken nuna, farauta ta hanyar hada kai da ganga ta bindiga, a dakunan gwaje-gwaje zuwa ƙona ko yanke abubuwa, da sauransu; amma duk da haka, an san cewa da yawa daga cikin mutanen nan ba tare da isasshen shiri ba, suna musguna musu.

Misalai na yau da kullun na wawanci da rashin amfani, suna da filayen ƙwallon ƙafa, waɗanda ake amfani da su don hana wasan ƙungiyar abokan hamayya kuma yawancinmu mun taɓa gani a talabijin, kamar yadda 'yan wasa, masu horarwa da alƙalai suka zama manufa daga cikin wadannan unscrupulous.

Rikicin Laser tare da Cristiano Ronaldo a wasan ƙwallon ƙafa

Menene sakamakon illolin 'yan wasan game da hasken laser kamar wanda aka nuna a hotunan?

Akwai alamomin laser daban-daban daga waɗanda basa cutarwa ga mutane kuma suna da iko na 1 mW (milliwatt) ga waɗannan ƙarfin har zuwa 2W (watts). Da yawa daga cikinsu suna da matukar karfi, sun sami damar kunna matattara, bama-baman balloons, robobi mai cin wuta, fata, itace, da sauransu.

Laser Pointer harin tare da Messi a wasan kwallon kafa

Kuna iya tunanin abin da ake nufi da sanya shi a kan ido kusa-kusa: Karatun a cikin 2004 a Amurka Sun bayyana cewa katako na Laser na 5mW (milliwatts) na wutar lantarki na iya haifar da ƙonewa ga ƙwallan a cikin nisan murabba'in 14 idan an tsawaita tsawon lokaci, don haka batun yana da mahimmanci.

Koyaya, beraren Laser a cikin fitowar na'urar yana da diamita na 1 milimita, zai watsa tare da nisa, yana iya samun girman kusan 10 cm a nesa na 70 ko 80 da diamita 1.5 a nesa na 1 kilomita. Don haka, kamar yadda ɗalibin ɗan adam yake da matsakaicin matsakaici na 5 mm, yana da wuya waɗannan nesa suna da tasirin maganganu akan ido ko kan fata, amma yana iya haifar da makanta na ɗan lokaci, tunda har ma da nisan mita 350, Laser 5mW iko na iya haifar da shi. Zai iya zama iri ɗaya sakamako wanda walƙiya ta walƙiya ta walƙiya ta kusa kusa kuma sakamakon ta na iya ɗaukar minti da yawa.

Laser Pointer hari kan jirgin sama

Hakanan suna da matsala a kusancin filayen jirgin sama da awanni na dare, tunda koda a nisan mil 3, gwanayen wutar lantarki mai amfani da wutar lantarki, na iya katse wa hangen nesan matukin yadda yakamata don hana sauka. Wannan dabara ce mai kyawun gaske wanda matukin jirgi ya sanya hankalin sa biyar da haske sannan zai iya yaudarar sa, tunda gidan mai duhu ne, tare da hasken wutar lantarki. Ba zai yiwu bala'i ba, amma dole ne mu manta cewa muna magana game da jirgin ruwa tare da mai mai tsayi, da fasinjoji. Wadannan lamura sun karu sosai, sun sa hukumomin wasu kasashe sun takaita har ma suka hana sayar da wadannan alamomin, kamar yadda ya faru a Australia, wanda a shekarar 2008 ya zartar da wata doka da ta hana mallakar na'urori na laser a hannu, ciki har da mara amfani mara ma'ana wanda aka yi amfani da shi a cikin gabatarwar da ya gudana a cikin ilimin ilimi da kasuwancin duniya.

9. Amintaccen Amfani da Alamomin Laser - Koma zuwa Fayil

Idan aka kwatanta da fitilun wutar lantarki na gargajiya misali watts 100, agogon 5mW (milliwatts) don alamar alama ta Laser tana wakiltar ƙaramin iko. Amma hasken laser yana mai da hankali sosai a cikin katako mai ƙuntataccen tsari kuma yana da daidaito, ma'ana cewa diverges kaɗan. Ko da a nisan mil 1, wutar ba ta ninka sama da mita da rabi.

Idan ka duba kai tsaye a cikin hasken wutar lantarki na laser 5mW a kusa, (wanda hakika zaka aikata!), Gasar da kake gani zata bayyana sosai fiye da rana (kuma kowa yasan cewa bai kamata ka kalli Rana kai tsaye ba) . Intensarfin hasken Laser a kowane nesa ya fi kowane irin hasken wutar lantarki makamashi iri ɗaya, hayaƙan da ke shimfidawa a kan kusurwa mafi girma.

Lasers na aji 3B ko 4 waɗanda suka fi ƙarfin ƙarfi, suna iya zama haɗari misali, matukan jirgin sama, don haka an tsara amfani da shi kuma an horar da direbobi don guje musu. Matsalar da keɓaɓɓun lasers shine cewa akwai miliyoyin su a hannun masu amfani, kuma babu wata hanyar da zata tabbatar da amfanin su mai lafiya. A wasu ƙasashe laifi ne a yiwa mutum ko abin hawa lasin lasin. Abin da ya sa muke la'akari da mahimmanci don ba da wasu takamaiman amfani don dacewa da waɗannan na'urori:

Po Lunin alamun Laser an tsara shi don haskaka abubuwa marasa nauyi. Dirijas baya ga mutane, dabbobi, jirgin sama ko wasu motocin

Ba bisa doka ba ne a nuna lasar ta hanyar hanyar ko ta gwamnati.

Never Kada a duba kai tsaye a gaban bututun kowane Laser.

Kada a bada izinin amfani da abubuwan da ke nuna laser ta yara ba tare da kulawa ba. Ba kayan wasa ba ne.

In A cikin gwaje-gwajen don ƙona abubuwa, yana da mahimmanci a yi amfani da tabarau mai kariya waɗanda suke da launi saboda lalacewar ido na iya zama mara jurewa da dindindin kuma rufe ko cire daga wurin da aka yi gwajin, abubuwan da za su iya zama masu wuta ko haifar da sauyawar haske.

Yi aiki tare da mafi kyawun haske lokacin aiki da na'urar. Babban matakin hasken yana ba da babbar kariya daga raunin ido sakamakon raguwar diamita na ɗalibin ido.

Do Kada a nuna hasken Laser a cikin madubai ko wasu shimfidu masu haske. Haske mai bayyana zai iya lalata idanun wani ba da gangan ba.

Do Kada a nuna lasar wa a duk wani mai amfani da binocular, telescope, ko wani nau'in kayan aikin na gani.

If Idan kwamfutar ka na sanye take da kayan aikin Laser a matsayin injin bincike tare da ingantaccen tsarin-saki, kar a bar shi baya kulawa lokacin da yake kunne.

Do Kada a nuna lasisin shiga cikin sararin sama idan kun ji sautin injin daga jirgin sama kusa.

Do Kada kayi amfani da laser a radius na 5 km. Daga kowane filin jirgin sama.

As Kamar yadda duk muke dogara da amincin iska ba a yin barazanar, idan munga wani abin da ya shafi laser wanda zai iya yin sanadiyar lalata shi a wani lokaci, dole ne mu sanar da jami'an tsaro.

Forbidden Abun amfani da alamun bayyanar Laser haramun ne a wasu abubuwan abubuwan kallo. Girmama waɗannan haramtattun abubuwa idan akwai.

Meet Haɗu da takamaiman ƙa'idodin ƙasa da ƙa'idodin wurin da zaku yi amfani da laser. Kodayake a Spain an bada izinin sayarwa da amfani da nau'ikan nau'in lasers, hukuma na iya buƙatar a same ta da cin tara, idan suna da shaidar cewa ba ta amfani da shi. A wasu ƙasashe kamar Amurka ko Ingila, mafi karfi kamar na aji 3B da na 4 an haramta duka kasuwanci ne, a matsayin nasa na mulki. A wasu sassan Australiya an haramta su har sai 1mW mara lahani.

Do Kada ka sayi hasken wuta na Laser idan ba alamar tambari da kuma shaidar aji. Sanarwa da amfani kan abubuwanda suke nuna shakku.

Distance tebur-Hadarin Laser lambobi

10. Babban Amfani da Alamar Laser - Koma zuwa Fayil

10.1. Gabatarwa - Koma zuwa Fayil

Leer Pointer don gabatarwa

Manunin Laser yana da maɓallin ƙaramin sauƙi mai sauƙi wanda ke kunna hasken laser da za a iya fitarwa kuma ana amfani dashi don nuna takamaiman batun akan farfaɗo akan wanda aka tsara gabatarwa. Wannan nau'in alamun yana zuwa don maye gurbin tsohuwar "sandar" mai ritaya da aka yi amfani da ita don dalilai iri ɗaya; lein Laser ya zama aikin gyara kayan aikin.
Ita ce na'urar da aka fi amfani da ita wajen gabatar da ilimi / gabatarwar kasuwanci da kuma nune-nune na gani domin kayan nuna alama ne. Ana iya amfani da manunin laser ja a kusan kowane yanayi a cikin gida ko a cikin haske mara haske inda aka sa bayanai dalla-dalla ta hanyar hannu zasu iya zama da wahala, kamar a aikin gini ko adon ciki.
Hakanan za'a iya amfani da alamar Laser na kore don dalilai iri ɗaya da Gabatarwa a waje yayin rana ko don nesa nesa.

Leer Pointer don gabatarwa

Hakanan ana amfani da su ta hanyar amfani da na'urori masu amfani da kwamfuta mara waya iri-iri marasa waya.
Suna fitar da jan laser gabaɗaya, kuma ƙananan baturi ke karɓar su. Ba amfani kawai don motsawa ba, saboda baya ga maɓallin maballin don shi kuma ya dogara da ƙirar, suna da wata hanyar ƙauracewa gabatarwar, zaɓi wani nunin faifai, kuma zai iya komawa zuwa gare ta, banda laser ya kai nesa, don jawo hankalin Masu sauraro kuma ku saukaka mahimmin fannoni na gabatarwa.
Na'urori sune Plug & Play, waɗanda kawai zasu saka mai karɓar USB (wanda ke fitar da siginar mitar rediyo) kuma an shigar da direba na USB ta atomatik a tashar jiragen ruwa na seconds.
Yawancin lokaci suna da kewayon har zuwa 15m daga kwamfutarka kuma yana dacewa da daidaitattun tsarin aiki.

10.2. Ilmin taurari - Koma zuwa Fayil

Dubun dubunnan masanan taurari ne ke amfani da fitilar Laser, domin nuna wa masu farawa hanyar zuwa taurari da taurari. Ana amfani da na'urar ta lantarki ta hanyar karamin batir kuma yana fitar da kunkuntar, katako mai tsayi na haske mai haske tare da nisan zango na 532 nanometer. A dare yana ganin katako har tsawon kilomita da yawa, ya dogara da yanayin yanayi.
Abubuwan laser masu amfani da ilimin sararin samaniya suna amfani da diode neodymium laser diode tare da karfin 200mW, suna da kyau sosai fiye da talakawa suna samar da haske mai launin ja tare da raƙuman ruwa mafi girma daga nisan 630 na ninkiya. Dalilin yana da sauki: ido na mutum ya fi hasken kore haske da launin ja.

Alamar Laser don ilmin TaurariBabban Babban Abincin da Dian abincin abincin da aka raba shi da katako mai ba da haske game da 200mW verder GreenFire.
Jimlar katako mai tsawon kilomita 10. Da alama cewa Laser na iya "taɓa" taurari.

A ranakun da a bayyane, idan za a kai haske ga 200mW kore laser zuwa sama, domin kai da duk wanda yake kusancinsa, da alama katako yana ƙarewa cikin tauraron sama ko ƙasa. Wannan yana sauƙaƙa shi musamman don nuna kowane, abu da aka bayar. Kawai nuna laser sai kace, "Dubi can."

Yawancin lasers suna aiki ne yayin da suke riƙe murfin sauyawa, amma wasu samfuran suna da tsarin hasken wuta.Waɗannan an ƙara yin amfani da su azaman jagora don ƙaraɗɗen ruɗani. Da zarar an tattara kuma a daidaita shi tare, kawai matsar da maɓallin wayar har sai laser ta yi nuni zuwa ga abu kuma zai kasance a fagen gani.

Yin amfani da Laser Laser tare da Telescope don ilmin taurari

Manunin Laser shine mafi kyawun hanyar don gano duk wani abu a cikin sama ga jama'a kuma zai zama abin kunya waɗannan kayan aikin taimako don ilimi, doka ta hana su.
Masana ilimin sararin samaniya na iya taimakawa rage wannan haɗarin ta amfani da su da hankali, bin shawarar da aka bayar a babin da suka gabata, da ilimantar da wasu game da amincin amfanin waɗannan na'urorin.

10.3. Gwaji - Koma zuwa Fayil

Duk lokacin da aka fara gwaje-gwaje masu ƙona wuta tare da alamomin laser (kawai kuma na musamman don dalilai na ilimi kawai), ya zama tilas a yi amfani da ƙyalƙyalen ƙwararrun haske don fitarwa da zaren. Tabbatar da cewa kawo wani hatsarin ga mai amfani ko ga wasu mutane, kuma ba shakka ya zama shekaru.

Gilashin Lafiya na Launin LaserDon gwaje-gwaje tare da alamun kariya na laser takamaiman kariya mai kariya koyaushe koyaushe ya zama dole don hawan igiyar ruwa da muke amfani dashi

Mun karanto wasu misalai na abubuwan da muke iyawa na aikata wadannan kananan na'urori:

Yin kona filastik

Kusan kowane mai nuna laser Class 3B zai iya ƙona jakunkuna na filastik. Lokaci na dabam ya danganta da launi da ƙarfin Laser, nesa da launi na jaka. Sabili da haka, daga 20mW kore Laser pointer, ja 50mW ko 100mW laser laser laser, kuma ku sami damar rawar soja.

Kayan Kasuwancin Kasuwanci na Laser

Idan tsarin Lasifik din DPSS wanda yake fitar da koren haske ko launin shuɗi, injin da zai sauƙaƙa ƙona jaka, yana birki mafi yawan hasken wutar lantarki. Wannan zai haifar maka da nesa nesa, ma'anar mafi girman maida hankali shine, tare da girman giram na mafi ƙarancin haske. Idan muka sanya jakar a wurin, katako yana huɗa sauƙi.

Ingunƙarar da Tabar Injin Laser

Don sauƙaƙe hakowa ya kamata a bar jakunkuna baƙi baki ko duhu kamar launuka masu haske waɗanda ke ɗaukar ƙarin makamashi ko yin alama tare da alamar mai nuna wuraren da zai mamaye katako.

Amfani da balloons

Kadan mafi girman lasers mafi tsayi iya amfani da balloons. Lokaci zai samu gwargwadon launi da ikon Laser, nesa, launi na balan-balan da sauran abubuwan sakandare kamar zazzabi muhallin da gumi na kusanci. Alamar ja 100mW ya dace da wannan dalilin amma kowane launi na iya yin shi ba tare da matsaloli ba. Sabili da haka, layin fure na 200mW na fure na iya fashe balloon a karo na biyu, amma a maimakon haka 50mW na laser kore yana buƙatar secondsan seconds.

Yin amfani da Duniya ta Laser Pointer Globe

Launin balloon yana da matukar muhimmanci. Me ya sa? Launin launin matte yana ɗaukar ƙarfin ƙarfi fiye da sauran launuka, don haka yafi sauƙin amfani da launin baƙi ko duhu mai launi ɗaya mai launin haske. Idan kayi amfani da karamin gilashin ƙara girman abubuwa don ƙona abubuwa, kuna tuna wani abu ya faru: abubuwa sun ƙone baki da fari nan da nan suka ɗauki ƙarin ƙonewa. Maɓallin shine haske yana nunawa kuma bar farin (na laser bounces kuma ya watsar da sashi a cikin balloon kuma don haka ba za su iya zafi ba) da kuma ɗaukar launin baƙar fata.

Binciko Poarfin Laser Violet na Laser

Mai nuna laser na iya fashe farar fata a baki amma a maimakon haka ba shi da tasiri a kan duniya cikin fararen fata. A cikin waɗannan halayen zaku iya ɗaukar tuta tare da alamar baƙar fata, a wurin da muke zuwa don jagorantar katako na laser don busa shi ba tare da izini ba.

· Juya ashana

Hanya gama gari tsakanin magoya baya, ita ce kunna haske ta amfani da alama. Idan Laser tare da mai mayar da hankali, inji don sauƙaƙe kama wasan, yana birkice katako da aka ambata a baya. Idan a matakin girman maida hankali, wanda yake kusa da maki na abu, sanya shugaban wasan, wannan zai juya da sauri idan muka yi amfani da iko na 100mW ko fiye.

Wasan Lantarki na Laser

Abubuwan laser ba tare da mai ba da hankali ba zamu iya taimakawa tare da gilashin ƙara girman mayar da hankali daidai da katako na Laser don ƙona har ma da wasu wasanninn baƙi don haka zaka iya ƙone sauƙin.

Turn Juya sigari

Juya Cigars da Laser Sight

Idan kuna shan sigari kuma kun ƙare duka wasannin biyu tare da hasken laser, ba ku damu saboda zaku iya juya sigarin ta amfani da hasken laser, matuƙar wannan ikon ne daga 200mW.

Burn Ku ƙona kwali mai wuya da filastik

Katin kwali tare da Laser Pointer

Alamun da ke da babban iko daga 300mW ban da na sama suma suna da ikon kode kwali da tsayayyen filastik.

Hard Filastik ƙone tare da Laser Pointer

Shan itace

Woodona itace tare da latin Laser

Kawai mafi ƙarfi 2W kamar yadda alamun poster na laser masu launin shuɗi ke da ikon kona itace.
Babu shakka yayin da muke haɓaka ƙarfin Laser, kuma dole ne a yi taka tsantsan da matsanancin matakan tsaro da mutuncin waɗanda ke da hannu a cikin gwaje-gwajen, da amintaccen kariya da bin shawarwarin a Babi na 9 na wannan jerin labaran.

10.4. Hotunan Dare - Koma zuwa Fayil

Kowane mai daukar hoto mai son ya san cewa hanyar da ta dace don harbi, tana ƙaddara nasarar kyakkyawan hoto. A taqaice, rashin dacewar tsarin yana lalata wani hoto wanda zai iya wakiltar wani kebantacce kuma wanda ba za'a iya tantancewa ba.A yau, kusan dukkanin kyamarorin da ke yanzu a kasuwa suna bayar da autofocus suna aiki sosai a cikin yanayin haske mai kyau. Wasu kyamarar karama da kusan dukkanin gada ko kyamarar SLR suna ba da hankali na hannu wanda zai ba mai daukar hoto izinin walwala yayin ƙayyadadden ainihin batun mayar da hankali.

Koyaya, abubuwa suna rikitarwa a cikin ƙananan haske. Yawancin kyamarori basa iya mayar da hankali yadda yakamata saboda tsarin injina na otal suna aiki ta hanyar gano bambanci kuma idan babu isasshen ƙarfin haske a cikin ginin, kamar fitilar titin titi ko hasken wata, kyamarar tayi gaba da motsi, hakan yasa bashi yiwuwa yi gabatarwa.

Matsalar tana karuwa a cikin hoto mai faɗi a cikin filin, inda dole ne ku nemi kula da hankali, yana ƙara wahalar mayar da hankali nesa nesa. Ko kuma idan kuna son yin daukar hoto na dare mai tsawo a bakin teku, raƙuman ruwa suna karyewa, da dai sauransu, saboda kyamarar ba ta mai da hankalinmu saboda babu isasshen haske a kansa. Muna da hanyoyi da yawa da zamu bi ta: maida hankali akan ido.

Lissafta hyperfocal (kewayon gaba da baya zaku fito da hankali kan hoto. Wannan hanyar ba lallai ne ku mayar da hankali ba a madaidaiciya, amma ɗayan kusa).

Ko kuma kamar yadda muke da kyamara a jikin abubuwan wucewa, a sauƙaƙa nuna laser hannun zuwa abin da muke so mu mayar da hankali a kai. Tunda hasken laser yana da matukar ƙarfi, kyamarar bazai sami matsala ba wajen gano asalin hasken da ke shiga firam ɗin. (Lura: ba dace da madaidaicin ƙaƙƙarfan lasers ba, tunda idan an bayyane sosai a waje da katako, zai iyaudarar hankalin kyamara Zaɓi idan kyamarar ta ba da dama, mafi mahimmancin ra'ayi game da irin wannan nau'ikan abubuwan amfani da laser. Sun dace zai zama kore tare da iko tsakanin 50 da 100m.).
Da zarar kyamarar ta gano da kuma mayar da hankali ga ƙarshen ƙarshen Laser, zaku iya sa mai da hankali ga manual, kashe da ajiye laser a aljihunka, nunawa da harba ba tare da kai ba sannan kayi ƙoƙarin mayar da hankali kan kyamara. Don haka mai sauqi kuma mai tasiri.

Kuma a matsayin tabbacin wannan, wannan hoton. Koyaushe muna samun kyakkyawan sakamako.

Hoton dare tare da Lasifin Laser

10.5. Airsoft - Koma zuwa Fayil

Jirgin sama shine wasan wasanni da dabarun da suka danganci simintin soja. Wannan wasa ne na yaki ta amfani da bindigogi masu amfani da wuta wanda ke kunna kananan filastik kwallaye mai girman kai 6 ko 8 a diamita, wanda aka fi sani da BBs. Kalmar "airsoft" ta fassara a matsayin "iska mai laushi", yana nufin hanyar yaduwar ammonium.

Alamar Laser don Airsoft

Abubuwan wasan kwaikwayo na wasan galibi suna dacewa da abubuwanda ke ba da irin wannan yanayin ga ainihin yanayin da ke kama da yaƙi da sojoji, a matsayin rigunan kariya, ɗauke da takalmi, binocular, madubai, walƙiya, taswira, masu watsa rediyo, da dai sauransu kayan aiki, waɗanda ke ba da fa'ida cikin sadarwa. da kuma gano abokan wasa.

Duk mai taimakawa dan wasa dole ne ya mallaki makamai kuma mai sauyawa yana da matakan fuska da kariya ta baki tare da kayan masarufi da kyankyasai wadanda suka dace da yarda EN166B (ko mafi girma) tasiri na juriya (Suna riƙe har zuwa 6 Joules na kuzarin kuzari. ba a yarda da projectiles kasa da Joules 3 ba) .Bayan an haramta cire su yayin wasan.

Gun Laser, Airsoft Gun

Bayan an karɓi adadin sakamako wanda aka yarda, an cire mai kunnawa. Kwallan da aka yi amfani da su sune kimanin fitowar sauri na 100 m / s (a cikin amsar da ba a daidaita ta ba). Weightarancin nauyi na waɗannan ya sa yawan amfanin ku ya wuce mita 30-40. Ana amfani da mafi girman projectiles (daga 0.30 zuwa 0.48 gram) don maharbi mai tsayi, saboda sun fi karfin kwanciyar hankali kuma ya fi wahalar da iska ke juyawa, saboda haka yana samar da ƙarin daidaito.

Spanishungiyar Spanishungiyar Spanish ta Airsoft ta kafa mafi ƙarancin amincin aminci inda ba za a iya harba bindiga ba, daga ƙasa da mita 5 don bindiga a cikin mita 30 don maharbi.

Baya ga mai kwatankwacin wannan, don haɓaka ƙwarewar su yawanci ƙara kowane kayan haɗi, kamar su laser gani ko telescopic bipod, silencer, da dai sauransu.

Duba Green Laser Gun Airsoft

Kamar yadda aka gindaya a cikin ka'idoji na kayan Tarayyar Spanish na Airsoft, duk masu zanen Laser sun dace da alamar, kamar lasers ko alamun da za'a iya amfani dasu don sauƙaƙe manufa ko tsara maƙasudin, an bada dama, idan ba su da nau'in Laser da zai iya haifar da lalacewa ta hanyar tasiri kai tsaye ko rarraba tunani.

Yin amfani da Laser azaman goyan baya na manufar kundin halittu yana da ma'anar amfani da hankali, kuma ƙa'idar ba ta nuna kai tsaye ga kowane ɗan wasa a idanun da yardar rai. Cigaba da ci gaba a cikin retina tare da kowane nau'in Laser na iya haifar da lalacewar idanu.

Kammalawa: don ayyukan yau da kullun, madaidaicin shine hasken laser na ƙananan ƙarfi, tunda kamar yadda aka tattauna a cikin surorin da suka gabata, batun laser na kore yafi bayyane fiye da ja, saboda haka muna samun wani abu mai amfani sosai don harbi ba tare da ma'ana ba saboda lalacewa, amma a kowace hanya ya hana ido yin nuni ga kafafu da kwatangwalo, yana warware wasu 'yan yanayi a hankali, wanda zai iya samun “hargitsi” da lafazin.

Hakanan a tuna cewa daren da CQB (fagen fama maimakon an rufe su kamar gine-gine da makamantan su), mai nuna ja 100mW ko ƙasa da aiki daidai, kamar ba cin amanar mai siyar ba, tunda katako yana da wahalar rarrabe kore, idan ba zura ido ba. daga gaba.

10.6. Farauta - Koma zuwa Fayil

Wannan kayan aiki na yau da kullun don farauta, haɓaka daidaitacciyar hanya mafi sauƙi, sannan aiwatar da katako na laser (jan ko kore) tare da ingantaccen kewayon har zuwa mita 200 (dangane da haske na yanayi) akan maƙasudin da aka nuna. Ana iya hawa wannan nau'ikan alamun laser kai tsaye a kan bindiga ko kallon telescopic tare da kayanta, kuma yana ba da damar daidaitawa na tsaye da na kwance.

Laser Laser don farauta

Idan ana bada shawarar farauta don daren ja daya tare da hasumiya masu tsayi 200 ko 300mW kuma hade tare da walƙiya.Ganyen laasas sun fi dacewa da farauta da rana saboda kore ya fi kowane launi launi, daren da fuskarsa za ta yi kama da ɗaruruwan nisan nisan da zai je farauta kada ya hau kantin wasan dare.

Ana iya sarrafa shi kai tsaye ta maɓallin dacewa ko haɗa shi zuwa igiyar fadada tare da sauyawa hade kuma yana ba da damar yin aiki da maɓallin laser yayin da kuke yatsan ku akan mai jawo.

Laser Sight don harbin bindiga

Bayan haka, ana iya amfani da wannan nau'ikan alamun don farauta da gabatarwa, abubuwan da suka faru, azuzuwan, da dai sauransu.

Irin waɗannan alamun ma hasara ce. Cikakken rana a cikin ayyukan farashi, tabin laser na iya zama da wuya, saboda haka nisa mai nisa ba shi da tasiri. Don haka ya kamata a yi amfani da mabubbugar kusa da ko kusa ko babu haske.


Modelsarin fasahar fasahar zamani masu tasowa da na zamani suna amfani da ingantattun lasers kuma takamaiman don amfani a waje, sa ido na dabbobi, da sauransu ...

Masu tsara Laser don Farauta

Masu tsara suma suna da matukar fa'ida ga mafaraucin, tunda suna bayar da fa'ida sosai yayin nadawa da fadakarwa wani yanki na farauta mai nisa. Tabbas, zaku iya hawa tare da nunin bindiga don cin nasarar haɗuwa mai ban sha'awa. Hasken kore shima wani abu ne da yakamata ayi la'akari da irin yanayinda farauta yakeyi wanda ya haskaka shi.

A duban farko ana iya kama da walƙiya; amma a zahiri ita ce na'urar hangen nesa ta dare, wanda kayan aikinsu da karfin sa sun wuce waɗanda zasu iya bada wutan lantarki na gargajiya, dukda cewa idan ya zama dole shima za'a iya amfani dashi azaman ɗayan su, ba shakka.

Fasaha tana amfani da madaidaiciyar haske, wanda shine mafi inganci don hasken nesa mai nisa ta amfani da laser kore don ita tare da fitarwa na 50mW. kuma mai dubawa na gani yana ba da izini don daidaita daidaituwa na alumini na katako da ƙarfin walƙiya ɗaya digiri na 180. Wato, zaku iya mayar da hankali ga ruwan tabarau ta jujjuyar da wanda ya ga dama, da samun haske don isa ga maƙasudan nisan mil 465. Babu shakka, ikon yinsa zai kasance koyaushe yanayin yanayin muhalli: ruwan sama, hazo, ƙura ...

Wadannan masu tsara zancen suna yiwuwa su mai da hankali kan cikakkiyar haske kawai a inda ake buƙata, tare da ƙarancin adadin asarar kuzari ta hanyar "zubar da ruwa" da kuma bayar da cikakken ikon sarrafa hasken wutar lantarki na laser don iyakar haske na abin da ake so. Koyaya, kar ka manta cewa shi ma zai sami kyakkyawar hanyar samar da haske ga sauran ayyuka da yanayi da yawa, gami da gaggawa, ceto, sa ido, alama, da dai sauransu. Kuma ita wannan itace katako na laser ana iya ganin shi tsawon nisa.

Kuma kamar yadda koyaushe, da farko aka ba da rahoto game da dokar a kowane yanki game da abubuwan da aka hana a cikin farauta, kamar yadda sau da yawa yin amfani da masu shiru, na'urori don haskaka maƙasudi, abubuwan gani suna samar da wani ɓangaren mai juyawa ko hoto na lantarki da kowane irin hoto ƙarfi, da sauransu.

10.7. Mayarwa - Koma zuwa Fayil

A fagen aikin kiɗa, zaku iya jin daɗin fasahar da yawa waɗanda galibi ana jagorantar su don inganta jin daɗin rayuwa da kamun kifi a cikin ruwa, ko kuma inda ya dace don sauƙaƙe gwargwadon wannan aiki.

Daga cikin nau'ikan kayan haɗi da ke akwai, ana kuma sayar da lasers don kera bindigogi, mai nisan har zuwa zurfin mita 20.

Mai hana ruwa ruwa na Laser, Ruwa, Mai Ruwa na Ruwa

Babu shakka, launi na Laser dole ne ya zama kore, saboda shine mafi bayyana ga launi ido, kuma ƙarfinta yana da ƙarfi kuma a cikin yanayin ruwan teku ba a rasa sauƙin sauƙi kamar ja, wanda ya ɓace kusan mita 12, yana kusan kusan babu tsammani ga filin hangen nesa.

Ana iya haɗa shi duka bindigogi da bindigogi taya roba, a ƙarshen, an ɗora shi a saman bututu.

Magana da Laser Pointer

Wannan kayan da muke amfani da shi ya sanya bindiga kamar mai iya murguda hanu sannan ya buɗe matsala Shin muna son mu zama 'yan wasa muyi kokawa da yanki a cikin yanayin maƙiya da ba namu ba, ko kawai nisanta daga nesa?

A kowane hali, a baya an ruwaito karanta dokokin yanzu, ƙa'idodi da takamaiman ƙa'idodi idan a wasu wuraren an hana amfani da su.

10.8. Biki da Nuni - Koma zuwa Fayil

Nishaɗi a biki da gabatarwa ɗayan aikace-aikace ne da aka samo ga lasers. Mafi yawan amfani da lasers a nisha za a iya gani a cikin tasirin musamman da aka yi amfani da shi wajen nuna wasannin Laser. Clubs, biki da kide kide na waje ta amfani da manyan lasers, matakan tsaro, kamar nunawa. Laser show ne sau da yawa extravagant, ruwan tabarau, madubai da hayaki.

Kalaidoscopic Laser akan wuta tare da kai

Wasu samfuran alamun alamun laser suna shirye don dunƙule shugaban mai musayar ra'ayi, wanda aka daidaita a cikin ƙaramin kaleidoscope, wanda ke ba da sakamako mai yawa, wanda ke haɓaka amfani da waɗannan alamun kuma ya ƙera shi don ƙirƙirar abubuwan gani.

Kaleidoscope sakamakon Laser Lasin

Kalaidoscope wani bututu ne mai dauke da madubi guda uku wanda ke samar da tsinkayen triangular tare da gefensa na fuska yana fuskantar ciki, karshensa akwai wasu zanen gado guda biyu wanda a ciki akwai wasu launuka daban-daban da launuka daban daban, wadanda hotunansu suka yawaita yayin da kuke juya bututun. yayin da suke kallon karshen kishiyar. Wadannan madubai za'a iya shirya su a kusurwoyi mabambanta. An fito da 45th na kowane hotunan kwafi takwas. Na 60 ya lura guda shida da 90 guda hudu.

KARSHEN